Travelling the world in times of crisis

I have found an interesting way of travelling the world in times of crisis: through webcams! I used to watch Belgian tv sometimes, where they had livecams in the morning, and you could see live footage from skiing areas and tourist spots in various European countries. And then at the beginning of the crisis I thought: let’s look up more livecams and see what’s going on around the world.

I used to watch this webcam on Belgian tv: people relaxing in a German spa resort.

The interesting thing is of course to see how these places look when outdoor life has sort of come to a halt. I stumbled upon a livecam in Duval and Green Street, Key West, Florida. Normally, this would be a tourist hotspot, with people sitting in the outdoor cafes and going shopping. But in April and May, there was hardly anyone there. All shops were closed. Now and then, you would see a car passing by or a cyclist. And maybe, once every 10 minutes, a pedestrian. The most exciting thing I saw, was a group of road workers, Installing new pavement, a pedestrian crossing and and asphalt overlay. And honestly, this crisis is a perfect time to do road works.

Empty streets in Key West, but they do have brand new pedestrian crossings.

After a couple of weeks, apparently the local government decided that bars could open again and tourists were welcome. Suddenly, there were groups of people walking around, eating ice cream and carrying shopping bags. I was actually surprised that things opened up sof ast, as cases of COVID19 were still rising in Florida at that time.

I don’t know what happened after that, because sadly, this webcam was taken offline a few weeks ago due to technical problems.

One of my other favorites is the livecam of Bryant Park, New York. Same story as in Florida: totally empty at first, and then cautiously people came out to sit on a bench or on the grass and enjoy the sun and eachothers company – at a safe distance. Sometimes,there were uncomortable situations. I remember seeing an older woman sitting on a a bench. Suddenly 2 girls with a dog come sitting quite close to her. The woman decides to put her feet on the bench, as a protest. Maybe she had smelly feet? Anyway, the girls decide to leave.

Slowly, people go outside to visit Bryant Park, New York.

Another webcam I like to watch is of Port Miami. First of all, it’s nice to see a place with great weather and palm trees everywhere. But what fascinates me, is all the cruise boats laying at anchor there, with nowhere to go. Not a single tourist aboard, only employees with hardly anything to do. I was amazed at the size of these boats, some look like floating apartment buildings. It will probably take long before this way of travelling is safe again and the ships can sail out.

A cruise boat in Port Miami.

To travel or not to travel, that’s the question

The last time we went off for a few days, was in the first weekend of March. We took a train to the south of our province, Limburg, and stayed in a hotel in Kerkrade. The next day, we visited the local zoo, Gaia Zoo. And after that, we hiked all the way to the town of Herzogenrath, which is on the other side of the border, in Germany. There we took a train to Aachen. We had a wonderful weekend not too far from home. Ok, I did take home some bed bugs from the hotel, I found out later, but apart from that I had a great time.

We didn’t have any worries about the virus back then. I remember reading the news in the hotel and it said that people in the province of Noord-Brabant, where I used to live, were advised to stay home. On Twitter, people were making fun of it. Not knowing what was to come. And here we are, in the midst of a terrible pandemic, that is still gowing worse every day.

We had several trips planned this year. We wanted to go to Germany and to Cornwall. The city of Lille was also on our list. It will all have to wait until next year, or later.

Around me, I see people who go on holiday anyway. Most of them have a caravan or camper van. I guess that’s the best way not to be too dependent on the facilities at your holiday destination: take your own toilet, food, bed, kitchen, etc. And be perepared to spend more time in and around your caravan, as visiting an attraction or do an activity may require restrictions and reservations. Doing anything spontaneously, like going to a restaurant, is difficult. A lot of people in the Netherlands love caravanning, so I guess were used to taking our own stuff when we go on vacation.

And then there’s the facemasks. I wore them a few times now when travelling to my family by train. It’s no fun, especially when you wear glasses and they get all steamed. I couldn’t enjoy my holiday if I had to wear a facemask everywhere.

I am surprised about all these people going on holiday again, taking a plane or bus, crammed with other tourists. It doesn’t seem safe to me.

A few months ago, we said that maybe in the fall we could take a weekend break in a hotel just across the border in Germany. But looking at the situation in the world right now, I’m not sure if that is even possible or safe. And if it is, can I still enjoy it?

So I’ll just have to do with my memories of our weekend in Kerkrade and Aachen. And all the other great trips we made in the past years. I’m sure we will be travelling again. But when, where and how? That’s the question.

Comino and the sound of silence

In the last few years, I have visited many touristy, crowded places in Europe. Florence, London, Venice, to name a few. But what always strikes me, is that when you walk just a few miles extra than the rest, you end up in really silent places. In Venice I found alleys that were so quiet I could hear the laundry waving on the balconies.

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This little theory of mine also seems to go for Malta. Or at least for the little island of Comino, situated between Malta and Gozo. It was a sunny and warm day, so that morning we took a small boat to Comino. When we get off the boat, we start walking along the coast, just like all the other tourists. We take pictures of the rocks and the clear blue water that Conino is so famous for. But as we start walking further up the island, all the other tourists seem to have disappeared, like magic. It makes me enjoy the beautiful landscape, barren with some bushes, even more. I see rabbits jumping by. I try to photograph two beautiful birds, I think partridges, but they are too fast for me.

Then suddenly, in the middle of nowhere, we see a tombstone. Who would be buried here? And we encounter more mystery. We stumble upon a desterted building complex. It’s not old, but it still makes me curious. I don’t see any sign that forbids me to go in, so I decide to take a look (the sign was apparently on the other side of the building, I found out when I came back). I am fascinated by deserted buildings. And there’s no other tourist inside, I love it! Twenty minutes later, we visit a magnificent 18th century fort, overlooking the coast. This building is abandoned as well, except for one other tourist that decided to check it out.

I start wondering where everyone is. I get the answer when we get back to out starting point, to get back on the boat. Apparently, all the other tourists didn’t get any futher than the famous Blue Lagoon. But this mass tourism right in front of me, makes me feel uneasy. In the distance, I see a ferry getting closer, with hundreds of other people who want to bathe in the water. Time to leave Comino. At least I enjoyed the sound of silence.

Landschaftspark Duisburg Nord: how industry and nature blended into a tourist magnet

Industry and nature are usually not a good combination. But in some cases, they seem to go very well together. The combination can even turn into something beautiful! This is what I discovered when I was in the city of Duisburg, Germany and visited Landschaftspark Duisburg Nord.

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Chimneys of the former ‘Rheinische Stahlwerke zu Meiderich bei Ruhrort’, now Landschaftspark Duisburg Nord.

Duisburg has been known for centuries as the German city of heavy industry. In the 19th and 20th century, Duisburg became ‘famous’ for its extensive coal mining and industrial metal and steel production. But after the steel-crisis of the 1970’s, the demand for Duisburg steel declined and many steel mills and smelting plants had to close down. Many people lost their jobs. Nowadays, Duisburg still produces more steel than any other city, but not as much as it used to.

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A conveyor belt at the former steel factory, closed down in the early 80’s.

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The ‘Rheinische Stahlwerke zu Meiderich bei Ruhrort’ was one of the factories in Duisburg that felt the crisis during the 70’s and 80’s. Therefore, it closed down 2 of its 5 blast furnaces in the early 80’s. But the end for the factory came not long after that. Soon it became clear tot he owner and the city of Duisburg that no other business would be interested in using this location. They could have demolished the whole thing but instead they decided to turn it into a new man made natural and cultural landscape. It was a way to save this piece of industrial heritage. Professor Peter Latz made a design for the Landschaftspark and in 1994 the park was openend to the public.

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25 years later, nature has really taken over this site. The trees have grown so big they give shade. There are flowers and plants everywhere, growing between the steel constructions and on the walls. There are promenades and gardens. This park is a place for social action, culture, sports, education and pleasure. The railways and old sewage canals have become walking paths. You can go scuba diving in an old gasometer, that is now filled with 20,000 cubic metres of water. Walk in the gardens, that once were concrete bunkers. Or go climbing on the walls of the factory. You can enjoy great views from the top of the former blast furnace no. 5. Occasionally, there are concerts, opera’s and festivals. At night, the site is illuminated beautifully. I was overwhelmed by this wonderful place!

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Climbers on the chimneys of the factory.

 

A Roman holiday in Xanten

We took a short ‘Roman holiday’ and spent a day in the German city of Xanten, that was a huge Roman settlement 2000 years ago. The city is now known for one of the largest archaeological open air museums in the world: the Archeological Park. It is built on the remains of Colonia Ulpia Traiana, as the Roman settlement was called.

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Northern city gate of the Roman settlement.

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View from the tower of the northern gate.

A beautiful park

Do you need to be a fan of Roman history to enjoy this park? No, not necessarily. Because this is simply a beautiful park to walk in. The Roman streetplan is marked by broad lanes of trees. In the park you’ll find a number of marvellous reconstructions of Roman buildings. These reconstructions are the result of profound archaeological research into Roman building techniques and constructions.  Some of these reconstructions are on the exact same place as the original buildings. So this is how they built the amphitheatre, the city walls and gates, the inn and the public baths.

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The amphitheatre

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Reconstruction of a Roman temple.

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A copy of the grave stone of the Roman soldier Firmus found at Andernach, Germany. There are a number of these grave stones near the northern gate.

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In the park you will also find the LVR-RömerMuseum, that was moved from the centre of Xanten to the park a few years ago. The building design is a mixture of modern and Roman influences. The architects took their inspiration from the Roman baths. For a reason, because the remains of the reception room of the Roman city therms are buried under the museum.

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The museum building design is a mix of modern and Roman influences.

The museum shows the history of Xanten in chronological order. It’s interesting to see the many archaeological finds froom 2000 years ago. The remains of the Roman therms are in a separate hall of the museum.

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The remains of the Roman baths in a separate hall in the museum.

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We spent about 5 hours in the park and museum. The park is quite large and you can walk around for hours. Perfect for a day out!

Medieval city centre

The Archaeological Park is not the only atraction in Xanten, the medieval city centre is also wordt a visit. It is centered around the marketplace and (Alter Markt) the cathedral. The Alter Markt is a perfect place to have lunch or dinner in one of the many restaurants.

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Xanten cathedral. The cornerstone was laid in 1263, construction of the cathedral lasted 281 years.

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Travelling on the Eurostar (or how we ended up spending the night on a train station)

The first time I travelled to London was in the 00’s, by airplane. At that time, taking a plane for such a short distance was still considered normal – also by me. Flying was cheap and fast, so why bother? But things have changed. In The Netherlands we now have a word called ‘Vliegschaamte’: shame of flying. More and more travellers think of the environment when they travel from Amsterdam to London. Did you know that there are 1350 flights between London and Amsterdam every week, 209 a day?

But there has been a sustainable alternative since 1994: the Eurostar. Some time after I took a plane to London, I tried the Eurostar. At that time, you had to travel to Brussels to get on the Eurostar, as there were no stops in Rotterdam and Amsterdam yet (this service wasn’t established until spring 2018). So yes, it took us some time to get to Brussels. And the Eurostar tickets were more expensive than they are now. But travelling on the Eurostar was a very positive experience for me: fast and comfortable. And green! Last year, we booked the Eurostar again, and apart from some problems with connecting trains in The Netherlands (HSL-train between Breda and Brussels), we arrived in London perfectly on time.

This month, I travelled on the Eurostar for the third time. It was the first time I did so during the summer holiday season. And probably the last. Travelling to London was perfect: trains were on time, check-in and boarding in Brussels went smoothly. A good start of my holiday. The trip back to Rotterdam – on the hottest day of the year – was a totally different story. We had heard that the day before we travelled, there were severe problems on the Eurostar: a train had a power failure and the airconditioning broke. People had to be evecuated from the train, as temperatures inside the carriages rose to 40 degrees. On top of that, there were speed restrictions as a result of the heat, causing long delays.

We arrived in the Eurostar terminal at London St. Pancras in the late afternoon. Fortunately, we were early, because there were very long lines at the check-in. It was also slightly chaotic. The waiting lounge was very full and there was nowhere to sit, people were sitting on the floor.

We were glad to get on the train. Everything went smooth until Lille. After that, we drove to Brussels very slowly. We arrived in Brussels more than an hour late. Then another problem occurred: there was no driver! He had to come from The Netherlands. Staff kept on making announcements that ‘the driver would arrive in 15 minutes’. Eventually, we ended up staying in Brussels for an hour. When finally the announcement came the driver had arrived, people cheered loudly.

We were to arrive in Rotterdam around midnight, 2.5 hours late. We heard people around us calling their family and friends to pick them up, as they wouldn’t be able to catch the last train home. We had nobody to pick us up. Other passengers offered us a place to stay near Rotterdam. But I managed to find a way to get home. Or so I thought. I mentioned the Eurostar-chaos on Twitter, and a webcare person of NS Dutch Railways assured us that they could arrange our transport home at their expenses, because we had pre-booked tickets to the station in our hometown. She gave us a phone number to call.

When we arrived in Rotterdam, we ran as fast as we could to catch the last train home. But it took off right before our eyes. So we called the NS phone number and explained our situation. The woman we spoke to, asked us to wait a few minutes, as she had to discuss the situation with her colleagues. We were baffled by her answer. She said she couldn’t help us, because we should have arranged for a cab or hotel on the Eurostar. She regretted the fact that her colleague on Twitter had wrongly informed us. And that was it.

So there we were, at Rotterdam station. With nowhere to go. We sat down in the entrance hall and decided that was the best place to stay. We spent the night watching what happened on a station at night. We saw people stocking the shelves of the supermarket. People running with luggage to get the 3.15 train to Schiphol Airport. Teenagers coming back from a night out. But it was still a very long night. We were glad when the first train to Tilburg arrived at 5.45 AM.

So, who is to blame here? NS? Eurostar? NS International, the organization where we booked our tickets months ago? My guess is that we should have asked the Eurostar staff for help. But then we got the wrong advice from NS, the Dutch railways. And there was no information/announcement on the Eurostar, that informed passengers about the possibility of free transport to get home.

Recently, the European Commission conducted a research into train journeys, and the result was that most travellers have no idea what their rights are when travelling within the EU. Information to passengers is unclear. About time these EU-rules get an update. It could have prevented us from having to spend a night on a railway station.

So will I travel on the Eurostar again? Probably, because it is still the best and greenest way to get to London. But I won’t go in peak season. And if I encounter a problem, I will turn to Eurostar staff immediately. But the most important thing is that European carriers finally start informing their passengers better!

Potsdam, city of kings

Do you want to be amazed by baroque and rococo style architecture? Do you want to step back in time and catch a glimpse of the life and wealth of Prussian kings? Then Potsdam is the place to travel to! It’s easy to reach by train and S-bahn from Berlin.

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A colorful historic building near the Old Market Square in Potsdam.

For centuries, Potsdam was a small village. But that changed in the 17th and 18th century, when the Prussian kings made the town near Berlin their favorite residence. Thanks to them, Potsdam nowadays is one of the greatest tourist hotspots near Berlin, with the Sanssouci palace as the biggest attraction.

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St. Nicholas’ Church on the Old Market Square. Left of the church a marble obelisk built in the 18th century.

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The City Palace at the Old Market Square in Potsdam.

One of the most important builders of Potsdam was king Frederick William I of Prussia. In about 9 years, from 1721 to 1730, he had a town for 10,000 people erected on the swamp that surrounded Potsdam, quite an achievement. The medieval core of the town was taken down.

Dutch Quarter

One of the, now famous, new builds on this swamp was the Dutch Quarter. It’s hard to believe that this area was on marshy land before, because now it is right in the heart of the city of Potsdam. The Dutch Quarter was originally meant to attract Dutch skilled workers, but that plan failed.

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The Nauener Tor (Nauen Gate) is one of the three preserved gates of Potsdam. It is also the entrance to the Dutch Quarter.

Nowadays, the Dutch Quarter is a very charming and picturesque part of Potsdam. The area includes four squares and 134 two-storey houses. In the houses you find little cafés, galleries, pubs and craft shops. There are also some annual events, like a Tulip festival in spring, a pottery market and a traditional Dutch Christmas (Sinterklaas) market.

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Houses in the Dutch Quarter.

Sanssouci

The top attraction of Potsdam, the famous Sanssouci palace was built from 1745 to 1747 by king Frederick II, also known as Frederick the Great. It was his summer palace, built in rococo style. In the 19th century, the palace was expanded further.

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Sanssouci palace

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You can also take a walk through the park around the palace and see many other buildings there, like the Chinese Pavillion, the historic mill and the Neues Palais (new palace). Sanssouci has been a UNESCO World Heritage site since 1990.

Russian village

Also worth paying a visit is the Russian village Alexandrowka, once a Russian colony. The village, located near park Sanssouci, consists of 14 woorden houses and an orthodox church. You can also visit a small museum that tells the history of the village.

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One of the wooden houses in Alexandrowka.

Berlin Tempelhof: How a Nazi airport became a massive urban park

One of the places I was most looking forward to visiting when I was in Berlin last year, was Tempelhof Airport. Why? Because I was really curious what had become of this former airport, that was transformed into a recreational area a few years ago. A vast recreational area of 300 hectares, that is in the hands of the city of Berlin. You don’t see that a lot. Because usually when a huge piece of land like this comes available, city planners and real estate developers with dollar signs in their eyes wil take over. They also tried in Berlin, but the people voted against their plans.

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Main entrance and main hall of Tempelhof Airport. The main hall is also used for concerts and other events.

We arrived at the airport on a particularly windy autumn day. It was strange to see the main entrance and the main hall looking exactly like it was when the airport was still in use. But now, there was not a single traveller in sight. We walked around the site, that is enclosed by a fence, looking for an entrance to the park. Behind the fence, we saw many buildings. Were they apartments, or offices? Tempelhof has many tenants. The Berlin police is a big one, but also the city’s traffic control authority, a lost property office and a kindergarten. In total, the airport houses more than 100 institutions and businesses. And then there’s the few hundred refugees (there used to be 1,200 a few years ago) that have found a temporary home in Tempelhof. The main hall is also used for concerts and other events.

Tempelhof has a long history, longer than you think. Most people know that Tempelhof came into use as an airport in the 1920s and was further developed by the Nazi government in the 1930s. Tempelhof quickly became one of the busiest civilian airports in the world.

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Tempelhof used to be one of the busiest airports in Europe.

But long before that, in the 13th century, this land was the local headquarters of the Knights Templar. Hence the name Tempelhof. In 1722 Tempelhof became the parade ground of the Prussian army and before World War I, German soldiers paraded here. During the Berlin Blockade in 1948 and 1949, one of the fist major crises in the Cold War, Allied forces used Tempelhof to keep the people of Berlin supplied with their Airlift. The last plane took off of Tempelhof Airport in 2008. In 2014, a majority of the Berliners voted to keep the site unchanged.

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In 2014, a majority of the Berliners voted to keep the site unchanged.

We found an entrance to the field and after some time, we saw a man standing outside a small building, apparently an information office. He gave us a map of the airport and some other information. And then we just kept walking and walking and walking…and we realised that the area was so vast that maybe we shoud have rented a bike! Nonetheless, we had a lot of fun. I must admit that walking was easier with the wind at our backs, then the other way around. But we enjoyed being in this special place, and seeing all the people walking, inline skating, cycling and flying their kites. We were there in the fall and I could imagine what the place would look like in summer, with people having a picknick, barbecuing or just relaxing on the grass.

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Tempelhof is a paradise for cyclists, inline skaters and other sporters who want to train.

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Endless runways to walk on.

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Tempelhof still houses a few hundred refugees.

I wonder how long Tempelhof will stay the way it is now. The pressure to use part of the former airport for housing projects is growing, certainly with Berlin’s housing shortage in mind. I hope the largest urban park in Europe will keep its unique character.

A visit to the oldest building in Berlin

Do you have any idea what is the oldest building in Berlin? Before I visited Berlin last year, I had no idea. But now I can proudly say I have visited this building, that has lasted for more than 800 years: the Julius Tower, located in the borough of Spandau, West Berlin. The Julius Tower was built in the beginning of the 13th century to defend the castle that was on the same site at that time. In the 16th century, the castle and the Julius Tower became part of a large fortress, the Citadel (medieval castles became less important then, because of the development of firearms). The fortress would serve a military role fort the next 360 year.

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The entrance of the Citadel, the Julius Tower is in the background.

The fortress was designed by Italian architects. It is symmetrical and completely surrounded by water. And, very important, it has no blind spots for enemies to hide. In the course of history, the Citadel was captured by different armies: the Swedish in 1675, Napoleon’s troops in 1806. The French army caused heavy damage to the Citadel, it was rebuilt after that. Russian and Prussian soldiers took the fortress in 1813. The citadel was also used as a prison for Prussian state prisoners.  In 1935, the fortress served as a laborotory where nerve gas and chemical weapons were developed by the National Socialists. After the war, the buildings served a non-military purpose. And nowadays, the Citadel and the Julius Tower are a major tourist attraction.

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The fortress is completely surrounded by water.

We spent several hours at the site, there is plenty to see. You can climb the 153 steps of the Julius Tower and enjoy the maginificent views. Take a walk in the park around the Citadel and see the Havel river.

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View from the Julius Tower.

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View from the Julius Tower.

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Nice views on the Havel river.

The main building houses a museum, full of items that were found during archeological excavations at the site. You can also see many soldiers uniforms and weapons. And a lot of information is given about the Citadel. But this is not the only museum on the site. In the middle of the courtyard, there is another museum hall, that houses all kinds of cannons. But what I found more interesting, was the museum in the former Provisions Depot. It houses a permanent exhibition called ‘Unveiled. Berlin and its Monuments’. It is a collection of political monuments, that were removed from public space. There was one I recognised immediately: Lenin. In contrast to other museums, you are allowed to touch the statues!

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The granite head of Lenin used to be part of a 19 meter statue at the United Nations Square (then named Lenin Square) in Friedrichshain, Berlin. It was taken down in 1991, after the Wall fell, sawed in 129 pieces and  buried.

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Apart from the Citadel, I would also recommend visiting the Spanday town centre. Especially if you love shopping; there is a large shopping centre next to Spandau central station. The Citadel can easily reached by public transport, it is only a 5 minute walk from the underground station Zitadelle. But you can also take the S-Bahn, bus or train.

More to discover in Oslo

When we came back from Flåm, we had two more days to spend in Oslo before flying back to the Netherlands. Did we get bored? Not at all! We found some interesting places in Oslo we hadn’t seen the week before.

Vulkan and Grünerløkka

We discovered the neighbourhoods Vulkan and Grünerløkka.The term ‘gentrification’ can definitely applied on both areas. Grünerløkka used to be a working class district, on the ‘wrong’ side of the river Akerselva. Until the end of the 20th century, now it’s an alternative area with lots of coffee bars and little shops where you find vintage clothing, jewellery, arts and crafts, and much more.

Between Grünerløkka and Oslo’s city center, you find the Vulkan area. A former industrial area, that is now defined by innovative, eco-friendly architecture. Warehouses and factories have been replaced by hotels, office spaces, restaurants and apartments. We had a great time at the Mathallen food hall, where we enjoyed delicious Hungarian food at Bistro Budapest https://mathallenoslo.no/en/butikk/bistro-budapest/. The next night we ended up at American-style restaurant Lucky Bird, outside of the Mathallen http://luckybird.no/.

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We enjoyed the food at the Mathallen in Oslo.

The island of Hovedøya

In the inner Oslo fjord, there are a number of small islands that can easily be reached by ferry from Aker Brygge pier. The islands are a popular destination for the residents of Oslo, to go swimming and sun bathing or to go hiking. You can get on the ferry by buying regular transportation tickets. We took a boat to Hovedøya, the island closest to the city centre. The boat trip is less than 10 minutes.

What struck me, was the natural diversity of this island of only 0.4 square kilometres: We hiked through woods, passed a sandy beach, saw green pastures, beautiful flowers and rock cliffs. And we found a desolated rocky shore. It’s no surprise that part of the island is a nature reserve!

Hovedøya has something for everyone. Whether you are interested in nature, art or history, you find it on this little island. We visited a small art gallery near the ferry ride. This Lavetthuset (‘gun-carriage house) used to be a military building. What we found even more interesting, was the photo exhibition  in the woods near the gallery.

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Photo art in the woods of Hovedøya.

Hovedøya is uninhabited, but it wasn’t always like that. Traces of its inhabitants can be found on serveral spots on the island. In 1147, a church was built on the island, later expanded with a Cistercian monastery. It was an important economic force fort he Oslo region during the Middle Ages. But the monastery was looted and burnt down after the abott came into conflict with king Christian II. The ruins (or what’s left of it; most of the stones were used to expand Akerhus Fortress in the 17th century) of the monastery are a tourist attraction on Hovedøya.

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The ruins of the Cistercian monastery

Hovedøya also has a military history and it is still visible on the island. Two cannon batteries on the island installed in 1808, remind visitors of the time Hovedøya belonged tot he Norwegian army. So do the two gunpowder depots, one of which is the art gallery I mentioned before. And then there’s the commander’s residence (‘Kommandantboligen’), built in 1850. It served military purposes, but was also used as a residential house.

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Cannons on Hovedøya remind visitors of the island’s military history.

Medieval Park Oslo

One of the last things we did in Olso, was paying a visit tot he Medieval Park. This is where Oslo’s history started, in the Middle Ages. Around 1,000 AD, the first settlement was founded in Gamlebyen (Old Town). In the Medieval Park you find the ruins of St. Clement’s Church, St. Mary’s Church and the former royal residence. Apart from that, this is just a nice park to go for a walk, or have a picknick near the water. We were there on Sunday morning and it was pleasantly quiet. On the way, we also saw some great modern architecture. It was nice to see the oldest and newest Oslo on the same day!

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The oldest and newest buildings of Oslo captured in one photo.